Purple Orchid (Bauhinia purpurea) Common name: Butterfly tree Pink butterfly tree Purple bauhinia Purple butterfly tree Purple orchid tree â€¢ Hindi: Kaniar ?????? â€¢ Tamil: ?????????????? Nilattiruvatti â€¢ Bengali: Koiral â€¢ Assamese: Og-yok â€¢ Marathi: Rakta chandan â€¢ Kannada: Devakanchan Botanical name: Bauhinia purpurea Family: Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar family) The Purple Orchid Tree is an exotic tropical tree that blooms over a long period of time. The beautiful & fragrant classic Orchid-like flowers of Bauhinia purpurea makes this small tree native to India a favourite of many plant lovers. In fall before the leaves drop Orchid-Tree is festooned with many showy and delightfully fragrant five-inch-wide blossoms the narrow purple pink and lavender petals arranged to closely resemble an orchid. These flowers appear on the trees from September through November and are a beautiful sight to see creating a vivid splash of color in the autumn landscape. Curiously the flower colors varies quite a lot. There are some trees which have white flowers with only some streaks of purple in them. Purple orchid tree can be easily distinguished from Orchid Tree (Bauhinia variegata) in that the petals of Purple orchid tree are narrower and do not overlap. On the other hand the petals of Bauhinia variegata are broad and overlap - it never open fully flat. The flowers are followed by 12-inch-long slender brown flat seedpods which usually persist on the tree throughout the winter. The foliage light green and deeply notched at the tip.